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职称英语考试《卫生类》历年真题精选( 1 )

发布时间:2017-02-09        来源:华商教育
导读:职称英语考试《卫生类》历年真题精选。

  Ebola Outbreak

  1.You are likely aware that several countries in West Africa are batting an Ebola Outbreak. Ebola is a dangerous often lethal viral infection. Scientists believe that humans contracted the virus by eating the meat of rare animals .It is now believed that bats are the primary carriers of the virus.

  2. To date ,there are only three maj countries in West Africa experiencing a maj outbreak :Sierra Leone ,Liberia Guinea .However ,other countries such as Nigeria have repted confirmed cases of Ebola within their bders.

  3.Unless you recently visited one of the three affected West countries, your risk of contracting the virus is virtually zero .Unlike other recent airbne virus outbreaks like SARS, the Ebola virus can only be spread through direct contact with an infected person .Specifically ,Ebola is spread through contact with body fluids. Though ,the virus is transmittable, only an infected person exhibiting symptoms is communicable .

  4.The signs symptoms of Ebola are non-specific patients typically exhibit them after a week of contracting the virus .Symptoms may appear as early as two days as late as three weeks after initial infection. Symptoms include disgust, weakness stomach pain. Me uncommon symptoms include chest pain, bleeding se throat.

  5.Ebola is devastating because of its ability to attack replicate in every gan of the body .This causes an overstimulation of the body's inflammaty response ,causing the flu-like symptoms .The virus also causes bleeding impairs the body's nmal clotting mechanism(凝血机制),making bleeding even me severe .Loss of blood volume decreased gan perfusion(器官灌注),ultimately lead to gan failure death.

  6.The current outbreak is the deadliest viral outbreak in over 35 years .While diseases such as the malaria (疟疾)are far me communicable ,Ebola is one of the wld's most fatal viral infections. Ebola's fatality rate exceeds that of SARS.

  (单项选择题)paragraph 5_______

  A.Am I at risk of contracting the virus?

  B.Is the current outbreak the deadlines?

  C.How do I know if I have contracted the virus?

  D.What areas are currently affected?

  E.What exactly does Ebola do to the body?

  F.What caused the Ebola outbreak?

  【答案】E

  【考点】2015

  【解析】第一句话Ebola is devastating because of its ability to attack replicate in every gan of the body .告诉了我么埃博拉病毒的致病机理。故答案选择E,埃博拉病毒堆积体造成什么样的影响。


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