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职称英语《综合A》完形填空历年真题精选(1)

发布时间:2017-01-22        来源:华商教育
导读:职称英语《综合A》完形填空历年真题精选。

  Robotic Highway Cones

  A University of Nebraska profess has developed robotic cones  barrels. These robotic cones  barrels can move out of the way,  into__________(51), from computer comms made miles away. They can even be programmed to move on their own at any particular part of the day, said Shane Farrit, an assistant profess of mechanical engineering at Nebraska.

  F example, if wkers arrived at 6 am, the cones could move from the side of the highway to__________(52) off the lane at that time. And they can return to the __________ (53) place at the end of the day. "It just seems like a very good application f robots." Farrit said. " The robotic cones would also help__________ (54) people from hazardous jobs on the highway putting barrels cones into place," Farrit said in a rept on his creation.

  Wk on the idea began in 2002 using a National Academy of Sciences grant. The__________(55)allowed Farrit to wk on the project with graduate students at Nebraska  his assistant Steve Goddard.

  The robots are placed at the bottom of the cones  barrels  are __________ (56) enough not to greatly change the appearance of the construction aides. "It would look exactly the same, "Farrit said. " __________ (57) there's a kind of rubbery, black base to them. We replace that__________ (58) a robot."

  Farrit has talked with officials from the Nebraska Department of Roads about how the robots would be most __________ (59) to what they might need.

  The robots could come in hy following a slow-moving maintenance operation, like painting a stripe on a road  moving asphalt,__________(60) now the barrels have to be picked up  moved as the operation__________(61). " That way you don't have to block offa 10-mile stripf the operation," Farrit said.

  __________(62) prototypes have been made, they are not in use any. Farrit said he has__________ (63) f a patent  is considering what to do next. He is thinking about starting a small business. He is also thinking about(64) the robots to roads departments  others across the country who may(65) from them.

  51. A. wB. placeC. derD. action

  52. A. blockB. cutC. setD. turn

  53. A. cleanB. imptantC. entireD. iginal

  54. A. employB. observeC. removeD. instruct

  55. A. ideaB. reptC. demD. fund

  56. A. helpfulB. beautifulC. smallD. huge

  57. A. KindlyB. NmallyC. GreatlyD. Strangely

  58. A. atB. onC. inD. with

  59. A. relatedB. TypicalC. usefulD. visible

  60. A. whyB. WhereC. whenD. what

  61. A. proceedsB. FunctionsC. finishesD. improves

  62. A. IfB. WhileC. SinceD. Because

  63. A. appliedB. askedC. calledD. argued

  64. A. savingB. marketingC. movingD. devising

  65. A. benefitB. protectC. learnD. inspire

  51.B。本题考查句意和名词。题干:几英里以外的电脑可以发出指令将这些机器人锥形路标和路障移开或者移入某__________。四个选项分别代入后,move into place(移入某个地方)比较符合原文的语境,故B为正确答案。

  52.A。本题考查动词词组。题干:例如,如果工人们上午6点要在高速公路上施工,锥形路障就可以在这个时候从高速公路边上移动到施工的行车道上设置——。block off意为“阻止,阻碍,封锁”,cut off意为“切断”,set ofr意为“出发,动手做某事”,tum off意为“关掉”,四个选项中只有block off比较符合语境,故A为正确答案。

  53.D。本题考查形容词。题干:……并且它们还能在一天工作结束后回到__________地方。根据上下文,如果工人们上午6点要在高速公路上施工,锥形路障就可以在这个时候从高速公路边上移动到施工的行车道上设置,在一天工作结束的时候,又将路障等复原,回到一开始的地方。故D为正确答案。

  54.C。本题考查固定搭配。题干:机器人还可以使人们从在高速公路上放置路标和路障的危险工作中__________出来。四个选项中只有remove搭配from,即remove A from B(把A从B中移走)。故C是正确答案。

  55.D。本题考查名词。题干:这项__________使得福瑞德可以和内布拉斯加大学的研究生以及助理史蒂文?戈达德共同开发这个项目。从空格处之前句子中的9rant(拨款;补助)可知National Academy ofSciences grant是一家资助机构,故D是正确答案。

  56.C。本题考查固定搭配。题干:机器人被安装在锥形路标和路障的底部,它们非常__________以致不足以改变这些路标、路障的原貌。四个选项分别代入,通过“not to greatly change the appearance”可知是因为机器人太小的缘故。因此C为正确选项。

  57.B。本题考查副词。题干:__________普通的路标、路障带有一个黑色的橡胶底座。四个选项分别代入,发现只有nmally比较符合语境。因此B为正确选项。

  58.D。本题考查固定搭配。题干:普通的路标、路障带有一个黑色的橡胶底座。现在的底座被——机器人。replace A with B意为“用B替换A”。根据上下文语义,后文讲到学生可以用图书馆、杂志等各种资料,由此推理可知老师肯定希望学生能够在尽可能少的指导下完成研究。故B为正确答案。

  59.c。本题考查形容词。题干:福瑞德和内布拉斯加大学公路系的职员曾经探讨怎样才能使机器人最__________他们的需要。四个选项分别代入,探讨的目的应该是找到最佳方式,因而useful比较符合语境,故C为正确选项。

  60.B。本题考查从句引导词。题干:机器人可以用于缓慢移动的维护性的操作,例如,在公路上粉刷白色的标线或者移动沥青,__________操作中需要随时摆放和移动路标、路障,随着操作的__________。四个选项分别代入后,只有B选项符合语境,即“在公路粉刷白色的标线或者移动沥青,操作中在这些地方需要随时摆放和移动路标、路障”,所以B选项为正确答案。

  61.A。本题考查形动词。题干:在公路上粉刷白色的标线或者移动沥青,操作中在这些地方需要随时摆放和移动路标、路障,随着操作的__________。四个选项分别代入可知,随着操作的继续,要不停地摆放和移动路标和路障,以示警告,故A为正确选项。

  62.B。本题考查状语从句引导词。题干:__________发明的样机已经做成了,但还没有投入使用。前后的分句之间为转折关系,故B为正确选项。

  63.A。本题考查固定搭配。题干:福瑞德说他已经__________了专利并且正在考虑下一步的打算。apply f意为“申请”,ask f“请求,要求”,call f意为“要求,需要”,分别代入后,apply fpatent(申请专利)符合语境,故A为正确选项。

  64.B。本题考查动词。题干:他打算向全国的公路部门和其他部门机器人,这些部门可能会从中__________。四个选项分别代入,marketing the robots(推销机器人)比较符合原文的语境,故B为正确答案。

  65.A。本题考查动词。题干:他打算向全国的公路部门和其他部门__________机器人,这些部门可能会从中__________。benefit from意为“从……上受益”,protect from意为“使不受……的伤害”,learn from意为“向……学习”,分别代入原句,benefit from比较符合语境。故本题选A。


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