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2013年度全国职称英语等级考试综合类(C级)第2部分

发布时间:2015-08-13        来源:华商教育
导读:第2部分:阅读判断

 第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Kicking the Habit

  What is a bad habit? The most definition is that it is something that we do regularly, almost without thinking about it,  which has some st of negative consequence. This consequence could affect those around us,  it could affect us personally. Those who deny having bad habits are probably lying. Bad habits are part of what makes us human.

  Many early habits, like sucking out thumb, are broken when we are very young. We are either told to stop doing it by our parents,  we consciously  subconsciously observe that others do not have the same habit,  we gradually grow out of it. It is when we intentionally  unintentionally pick up new habits in our later childhood  early adulthood that it becomes a problem. Unless we can break that habit early on, it becomes a part of out life,  becomes “programmed” into our brain.

  A recent study of human memy suggests that no matter how hard we try to change our habits, it is the old ways that tend to win, especially in situations  we are rushed, stressed  overwked. Habits that we thought we had got rid of can suddenly come back. During the study program, the researchers showed a group of volunteers several pictures,  gave them wds to associate with them. They then showed the volunteers the same picture again,  gave them new wds to associate with them.

  A few days later, the volunteers were given a test. The researchers showed them the pictures,  told them to respond with one of the wds they had been given f each one. It came as no surprise that their answers were split between the first set of wds  second. Two weeks later, they were given the same test again. This time, most of them only gave the first set of wds. They appeared to have completely fgotten the second set.

  The study confirms that the responses we learn first are those that remain strongest over time. We may try to change our ways, but after a while, the response that comes to mind first is usually the first one we learned. The me that response is used, the me automatic it becomes  the harder it becomes to respond in any other way.

  The study therefe suggests that over time, our bad habits also become automatic, learned behavi. This is not good news f people who pick up bad habits early in life  now want to change  break them. Even when we try to put new, good intentions into practice, those previous learned habits remain stronger in me automatic, unconscious fms of memy.

  16. Boys usually develop bad habits when they are very young.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  17. We can only break bad habits if others tell us to do.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  18. Bad habits may return when we are under pressure.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  19. Researchers were surprised by the answer that the volunteers gave in the first test.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  20. The volunteers found the test me difficult when they did it the second time.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  21. The study suggests that it is me difficult to respond what to get rid of.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  22. If we develop bad habits early in life, they are harder to get rid of.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  参考答案:C、B、A、B、C 、B、A


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